Don’t Wash That Chicken!

— Written By Morgan McKnight

Participants at our recent Cooking for Crowds class were shocked when we told them that the best practice is not to wash chicken before cooking. I know lots of
recipes start with rinse and pat the chicken dry. But don’t do it!

Chicken flyer image

If you have that habit, you’re not alone. Research shows that 70% of consumers
wash their chicken before they cook it. What do you do?

Why do people wash chicken in the first place? Possibly because they think it will
remove some dangerous bacteria. Yes, raw poultry sold in the United States is
often contaminated with Campylobacter, Salmonella or some other bacteria.
Poultry is the fourth most common food associated with foodborne illness
accounting for 22% of all foodborne illnesses and 29% of all foodborne illness
related deaths.

If you wash the poultry to try to wash these bacteria off, don’t bother, it doesn’t
work. Research by the British Food Standards Agency between showed that
rinsing off whole poultry, or beef for that matter, does not remove all of the
bacteria from the surface of the meat.

By washing poultry, you may actually be causing more problems. Researchers
looked at what happens when people rinse their raw meat and found that the
only thing this did was increase the chance of contamination of the cook’s hands
and nearby surfaces. The rinsing or washing could splatter bacteria all over the
sink, the countertop and anything else in the area. It’s estimated that this splatter
can spread as far as three feet. This is called cross-contamination. Think about other foods that might be on that countertop, chances are high that some of the
foods in the “splash zone” won’t be cooked and would become contaminated
with the raw poultry juice.

So what’s the best thing to do instead of washing the meat? Wash your hands
before you begin. Carefully remove and discard wrapping from chicken or turkey.
Try to keep the raw meat, juices, and packaging separated from other foods at all
times. If juices come in contact with kitchen surfaces, wash the counter tops and
sinks with hot, soapy water. For extra protection, surfaces may be sanitized with a
solution of one tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of
water. Be sure to let those areas dry thoroughly. If you’re still not sure about this
and want get excess blood or liquid off the chicken, use a clean paper towel to
blot the surfaces, but be careful not to spread juices and throw away the paper
towel.

The only way to destroy bacteria on poultry is to cook it to a safe minimum
internal temperature of 165 °F as measured with a food thermometer.
I know habits and practices are hard to break, but this is one you might want to
rethink.

Sources: USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline (1-888-MPHotline)

Cheryle Jones Syracuse
Family and Consumer Science Staff
N.C. Cooperative Extension, Brunswick County Center

Syracuse is a Family and Consumer Science staff member and can be reached at
N.C. Cooperative Extension, Brunswick County Center at 910-253-2610.